The concept of labor in classical and modern social philosophy

Authors: Przhilenskaya Yu.G. Published: 01.09.2020
Published in issue: #4(84)/2020  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2020-4-671  
Category: The Humanities in Technical University | Chapter: Philosophy Science  
Keywords: abor, activity, philosophy, freedom, personality, creativity, compulsion, production, consumption

In passing from classical and non-classical social philosophy, the concept of labor has undergone many changes. This affected its conceptual status and its interpretation in the perspective of methodological reflection. The transition from the concept of labor as a way of human existence to the meaning of certain social practices articulated by the phenomenology of labor means that it is impossible to determine the essence and meaning of labor within the framework of a single economic, philosophical, sociological or other socio-humanitarian science. Even at the level of dictionaries, the need for an interdisciplinary approach is evident. The paper deals with the problems of correlation between labor and personal freedom, freedom of society. The evolution of labor activity makes it possible to evaluate work not as a necessity and a condition of survival, but as an act of creativity and personal choice. In this case, the meaning of labor in the future social structure may turn out to be completely different, and the philosophical understanding of these changes will be followed by economic and social shifts.

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