The Abyss — The Polysemantic Category of Russian Philosophy

Authors: Kalitin P.V. Published: 05.04.2024
Published in issue: #1(105)/2024  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2024-1-883  
Category: Noname  
Keywords: scientific-metaphysical abyss; Orthodox-dogmatic abyss; antinomian-true abyss; nihilistic-anthropocentric abyss; Russian God

The article provides a historical-philosophical and logical-semantic analysis of the category of the abyss on the example of the corresponding works of M.V. Lomonosov, Metropolitan of Moscow Platon (Levshin), K.N. Leontiev, D.S. Merezhkovsky, F.A. Stepun and S.N. Bulgakov. The scientific necessity of a special philosophical lexicon for an adequate and congenial understanding of this category is argued in order to organically shade Russian cultural and historical sovereignty in the sphere of philosophy. Four types of abysses are defined: scientific-metaphysical; Orthodox-dogmatic; antinomian-true; nihilistic-anthropocentric. Their non-unified unity and identical self-contradiction/inconsistency under the transcendent/immanent Graceful Providence of the Russian God are revealed.


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