Slavophilism as a religious and theological thought of Russia: the experience of comprehension

Authors: Klementyev B.S. Published: 14.10.2019
Published in issue: #5(79)/2019  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2019-5-627  
Category: The Humanities in Technical University | Chapter: Philosophy Science  
Keywords: Slavophilism, Westernism, Orthodoxy, nationalism, civilization

The paper analyzes the nature and significance of the basic ideas of Slavophilism both for the intellectual and social life of Russia. Three main stages in the development of Slavophilism are identified. It is emphasized that the main nerve of the identity of Slavophilism of all its periods was Orthodoxy and Orthodoxy not as a theological science, but the Orthodox life itself requiring the submission of all life to the corresponding ideals. The special attention is paid to the consideration of the third period of the development of Slavophilism characterized by an orientation toward the socio-political component of the Slavophile position. It is concluded that it is not enough to belong only externally to the spiritual tradition for its correct scientific verbalization but, on the other hand, life in the Orthodox spirit does not automatically lead to its true objectification. A fortunate combination of scientific and spiritual efforts, a deep knowledge of the Orthodox Christian tradition, a constant and unchanging life in this tradition, knowledge and understanding of the realities of the present, participation in particular acts and events of public importance are necessary.

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