Philosophy and science on the nature of secondary qualities

Authors: Gubanov N.N., Gubanov N.I. Published: 07.11.2016
Published in issue: #11(49)/2016  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2016-11-400  
Category: The Humanities in Technical University | Chapter: Philosophy Science  
Keywords: primary qualities, secondary qualities, sensory modalities, image projection, symbolic elements of images

We provide an option to possibly solve the problem of primary and secondary qualities, which is still unclear even after many centuries, based on the following: the concept of sensory cognition considered as a process possessing both imagery content and a symbolic form, the concept having been developed with the help of data obtained by specific sciences; the law of peculiar properties of sense organs; and the law of spatial sensory image projection. We suggest abandoning the concept of "secondary qualities" and replacing it with an equivalent concept of "symbolic elements of sensory images".

[1] Alekseev P.V. Predmet, struktura i funktsii dialekticheskogo materializma [Subject, structure and functions of dialectical materialism]. Moscow, Lomonosov Moscow State University Publ., 1983, 344 p.
[2] Locke J. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. London, Thomas Bassett, 1690 [In Russ.: Locke J. Opyt o chelovecheskom razumenii. In 3 vols. Vol.1. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1985, pp. 184, 185].
[3] Subbotin A.L. Pervichnye i vtorichnye kachestva [Primary and secondary qualities]. Novaya filosofskaya entsiklopediya [New encyclopaedia of philosophy]. Vol. 3. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 2010, p. 218.
[4] Kasavin I.T. Epistemologiya & Filosofiya nauki - Epistemology & Philosophy of Science, 2006, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 5-12.
[5] Gubanov N.I., Gubanov N.N. Mentalnoe i fizicheskoe prostranstvo [Mental and physical space]. Moscow, Etnosotsium Publ., 2016, 144 p.
[6] Uvarov L.V. Simvolizatsiya v poznanii [Symbolization in cognition]. Minsk, Nauka i Tekhnika Publ., 1971, 127 p.
[7] Rubinshteyn S.L. Bytie i soznanie [Being and consciousness]. Moscow, Academy of Sciences of the USSR Publ., 1957, 364 p.
[8] Tyukhtin V.S. Teoriya avtomaticheskogo opoznavaniya i gnoseologiya [Automated recognition theory and epistemology]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1976, 190 p.
[9] Berkeley G. A Treatise concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. London, 1710 [In Russ.: Berkeley G. Traktat o printsipakh chelovecheskogo poznaniya. Sochineniya. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1978, pp. 18-478].
[10] Gubanov N.I., Gubanov N.N. Filosofiya i obshchestvo - Philosophy and society, 2015, no. 1 (76), pp. 48-64.
[11] Agadzhanyan N.A., Smirnov V.M. Sensornye sistemy [Sensory systems]. Normalnaya fiziologiya [Hominal physiology]. Moscow, Medical Informational Agency Publ., 2009, pp. 391-424.
[12] Gubanov N.I., Gubanov N.N. Vestnik Ishimskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo instituta im. P.P. Ershova - Herald of the P.Ershov Ishim State Pedagogical Institute, 2013, no. 3, pp. 18-23.
[13] Dmitrenko N.M. Kategorii obektivnogo i subektivnogo. Avtoref. kand. dis. [Categories of the objective and the subjective. Abstract of cand. sci. diss.] Moscow, 1976, 22 p.
[14] Kuzmin V.F. Obektivnoe i subektivnoe [Objective and subjective]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1976, 216 p.
[15] Gubanov N.I. Chuvstvennoe otrazhenie (analiz problem v svete sovremennoy nauki) [Sensory reflection (problem analysis in light of contemporary science)]. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1986, 239 p.
[16] Gubanov N.I., Gubanov N.N. Voprosy Filosofii - Problems of Philosophy, 2015, no. 3, pp. 45-54.
[17] Gubanov N.I. Filosofskie nauki - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences, 1984, no. 3, pp. 73-81.
[18] Gubanov N.I., Gubanov N.N. Vestnik Ishimskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo instituta im. P.P. Ershova - Herald of the P.Ershov Ishim State Pedagogical Institute, 2014, no. 3, pp. 90-96.
[19] Tsaregorodtsev G.I., Gubanov N.I. Vestnik AMN SSSR - Annals of the academy of medical sciences of the USSR, 1978, no. 4, pp. 64-70.