Trends in the development of science: Models and pluralism of the development sources

Authors: Malkova T.P. Published: 29.05.2015
Published in issue: #7(33)/2015  
DOI: 10.18698/2306-8477-2015-7-266  
Category: The Humanities in Technical University | Chapter: Philosophy Science  
Keywords: science, science as a social and cultural phenomenon, models of the science, the sources of science development, externalism, internalism

The article proves the relevance of the analysis of science as a social and cultural phenomenon. A definition of science is given. Reasons for the steady increase of the role of science in the modern world are specified, the latest trends in science are highlighted. Different models of science development are compared, including alternatives: external-ism and internalism. The set of sources of science development is considered, the author's position is justified and practical advices are given.

[1] Voprosy filosofii - Problems of Philosophy, 2014, no. 8, pp. 3-43.
[2] Dubrovskiy D.I., ed. Globalnoe buduschee 2045. Konvergentnye tekhnologii (NBIKS) i transgumanisticheskaya revolutsiya [Global Future 2045. Convergent Technologies (NBIKS) and Transhumanist Evolution]. Moscow, MBA Publ., 2013, 272 p.
[3] Merton R.K. The Sociology of Science. Chicago. 1973.
[4] Kanke V. Osnovnye filosofskie napravleniya i kontseptsii nauki [Fundamental Philosophical Trends and Concepts of Science]. Moscow, Logos Publ., 2004, 328 p.
[5] Bernal J.D. Science in History. Faber & Faber, 1954. [in Rusian: Bernal J.D. Nauka v istorii obschetva]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1956, 736 p.
[6] Blur D. Filosofsko-literaturnyy zhurnal "Logos" - Philosophical-literary magazine "Logos", 2002, vol. 5/6, pp. 162-185.
[7] Malkova T.P. Etnosotsium i mezhnatsionalnaya kultura - Etnosotsium and Interethnic Culture, 2013, no. 1 (55), pp. 47-52.
[8] Gorokhov V.G. Voprosy filosofii - Problems of Philosophy, 2014, no. 1, pp. 178-183.
[9] Markova L.A. Nauka na grani s nenaukoy [Science on the Verge of NonScience]. Moscow, Kanon+ Publ., 2013, 335 p.
[10] Volkov A.V. Voprosy filosofii - Problems of Philosophy, 2014, no. 10, pp. 57-68.
[11] Lebedev S.A., Voprosy filosofii - Problems of Philosophy, 2014, no. 1, pp. 72-82.
[12] Hawking S., Mlodinov L. The Grand Design. NY, Bantam Books, 2010 [in Russian: Khoking S., Mlodilov L. Vysshiy zamysel. St. Peterburg, Amfora Publ., 2012, 208 p.].
[13] Veshnyakovskaya E. Nauka i zhizn - Science and Life, 2012, no. 9, pp. 15-25.
[14] Koyre A. Ocherki istoriifilosofskoy mysli [Essays on the History of Philosophical Thought]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1985, 288 p.
[15] Popper K. Logika i rost nauchnogo znaniya [The Logic and Growth of Scientific Knowledge]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1983, 594 p.
[16] Stepin V.S. Filosofiya nauki [Philosophy of Science]. Moscow, Gardariki Publ., 2006, 384 p.
[17] Ilyin V.V. Filosofiya nauki [Philosophy of Science]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 2003, 360 p.
[18] Kun T. Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1962 [in Russian: Kun T. Struktura nauchnykh revolutsiy]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1977, 300 p.